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Citations & Abstracts

A bibliography is a list of reference materials (books, journal articles, dissertations, etc.) An annotated bibliography includes a summary and/or evaluation of each reference source.

The sources themselves are listed as citations. A citation is the information needed to locate a particular book or article. It includes:

  • author
  • article title
  • journal title
  • publisher information
  • date of publication
  • page numbers
  • volume and issue numbers

Use citations to credit the author and material referenced in an academic assignment.

An abstract is a summary of the material usually included with the citation. It can be used to determine if the book or article is relevant to your research topic.


Subject Guide

Phil Poggiali
Instructional Services Librarian
Edward & Doris Mortola Library
861 Bedford Road
Pleasantville, NY 10570

(914) 773-3230

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