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Questions to Consider

  • Is there a bias in the publication or is it non-partisan?
  • Who is the sponsor (publisher or benefactor) of the publication?
  • What is the agenda of the sponsor - to simply share information or to influence social or political change?


"Consider the source": A resource guide to liberal, conservative and nonpartisan periodicals. (2011, Jan.) Retrieved from

The Critical Consumer

To be a critical consumer, one must:

  • Study alternative perspectives and world views, learning how to interpret events from multiple viewpoints.
  • Seek understanding and insight through multiple sources of thought and information
  • Mentally rewrite (reconstruct) news stories through awareness of how stories would be told from multiple perspectives.
  • Assess news stories for their clarity, accuracy, relevance, depth, breadth, and significance.
  • Notice contradictions and inconsistencies in the news (often in the same story).
  • Notice the agenda and interests served by a story.
  • Notice the facts covered and the facts ignored.
  • Notice what is represented as fact (that is in dispute).
  • Notice questionable assumptions implicit in stories.
  • Notice what is implied (but not openly stated).
  • Notice which points of view are systematically put into a favorable light and which in an unfavorable light.
  • Mentally correct stories reflecting bias toward the unusual, the dramatic, and the sensational by putting them into perspective or discounting them.
  • Question the social conventions and taboos being used to define issues and problems.


Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2004). The thinker’s guide for conscientious citizens on how to detect media bias & propaganda. Retrieved from

Bias Transparent

Rates the bias of U.S. news sources from Left to Right:

Think Tanks and Policy Institutes: