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Fake News: Misinformation, Disinformation, and Malinformation

How to tell real news from fake.

Getting Help

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Susan Thomas, Instructional Services Librarian

Susan Thomas


This research guide was created and maintained by Sarah Cohn, Instructional Services Librarian, until 2018.

Content adapted from Northern Essex CC, Indiana University East, Big Bend CC, and Antioch University. Thank you!


Quarter of Americans See QAnon Claims as Accurate

Infographic: Quarter of Americans See QAnon Claims as Accurate | Statista You will find more infographics at Statista

Defining the Problem

From the the Council of Europe website > Media >  "Information Disorder" section

"Fake News" falls under disinformation, since the false information is intended to harm.

Types of Information Disorder. Credit: Claire Wardle & Hossein Derakshan, 2017

Wikipedia Page for Fake News

Real News about Fake News, Misinformation, and Disinformation

Other Resources of Interest