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Style Guides & Citing Sources

Use this guide to identify books, websites, social media feeds, and citation management programs to help you follow the correct style, including correct citation formats, for your classes.


The APA Publication Manual is the style manual of choice for writers, researchers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences, natural sciences, nursing, communications, education, business, engineering, and other fields.  The Pace Libraries own several copies of the new APA manual as well as the previous editions. Check with your professor to confirm whether the 7th edition or the 6th edition should be consulted.


MLA style is used mostly by students of the humanities, particularly English, comparative literature, and the performing arts. MLA puts out two publications, each of which cover more or less the same material, but with slightly different emphases. The MLA Style Manual is geared more towards graduate students and facultyThe MLA Handbook, more well known, is usually the choice for undergraduates.


Kate Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (below) is the student version of the CMS.

AMA / ICMJE(Vancouver) / NLM

The 11h edition of the AMA Manual of Style is on reserve at Birnbaum. (The 10th edition is still available, as well, on reserve.)

The Vancouver (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors) Style is used primarily for publications in medicine, biomedicine, medical technology and allied health sciences.   There is no print version of the ICMJE style guide, but a PDF can be downloaded at AMA Style is a variation of the Vancouver system devised by the American Medical Association (AMA).

AMA is an author-number style, which means a number is placed in the text to correspond to the author name(s) in the reference list, which are listed numerically in order of appearance.

The NLM publishes Citing Medicine, 2nd edition: the NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers."Citing Medicine provides assistance to authors in compiling lists of references for their publications, to editors in revising such lists, to publishers in setting reference standards for their authors and editors, and to librarians and others in formatting bibliographic citations."

about Vancouver:

About ICMJE (from Murdoch University Library)

  A small group of editors of general medical journals met informally in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1978 to establish guidelines for the format of manuscripts submitted to their journals.

  This group became known as the Vancouver Group. Its requirements for manuscripts, including formats for citations and references were first published in 1979 by the National Library of Medicine (NLM).

  The Vancouver Group expanded and evolved into the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), which meets annually.





The Associated Press Stylebook 2018 and Briefing on Media Law





The AIP Style Manual, from the American Institute of Physics, is used to cite sources in the field of physics. The book is currently out of print, but it can be downloaded as a PDF from this web site.:

The ACS Style Guide, produced by the American Chemical Society, is used for citing in Chemistry. In March 2020, it will be replaced by The ACS Guide to Scholarly Communication, a subscription-based, electronic publication.

Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, developed by the Council of Science Editors, has been fully updated for the 8th edition. Coverage includes style conventions, publishing procedures, plagiarism and academic integrity, and citation practices for both print and electronic publications.