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Citing Sources

Use this guide to identify books, websites, social media feeds, and citation management programs to help you follow the correct style, including correct citation formats, for your classes.


The APA Publication Manual is the style manual of choice for writers, researchers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences, natural sciences, nursing, communications, education, business, engineering, and other fields.  The Pace Libraries own several copies of the new APA manual as well as the previous editions. Check with your professor to confirm whether the 7th edition or the 6th edition should be consulted.


MLA style is used mostly by students of the humanities, particularly English, comparative literature, and the performing arts. MLA puts out two publications, each of which cover more or less the same material, but with slightly different emphases. The MLA Style Manual is geared more towards graduate students and facultyThe MLA Handbook, more well known, is usually the choice for undergraduates.


Kate Turabian's Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (below) is the student version of the CMS.


The style used by many in the medical field (including advanced nursing students at Pace) is known as "Vancouver," and it is a close relative of AMA style. The authority on Vancouver style is the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. There is no print version of the ICMJE style guide, but a PDF can be downloaded at

The AMA Manual of Style is on reserve at Birnbaum and in the reference section at Mortola.

The Associated Press Stylebook 2018 and Briefing on Media Law





The AIP Style Manual, from the American Institute of Physics, is used to cite sources in the field of physics. The book is currently out of print, but it can be downloaded as a PDF from this web site.:

The ACS Style Guide, produced by the American Chemical Society, is used for citing in Chemistry. In March 2020, it will be replaced by The ACS Guide to Scholarly Communication, a subscription-based, electronic publication.

Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, developed by the Council of Science Editors, has been fully updated for the 8th edition. Coverage includes style conventions, publishing procedures, plagiarism and academic integrity, and citation practices for both print and electronic publications.