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Citing Sources

Use this guide to identify books, websites, social media feeds, and citation management programs to help you follow the correct style, including correct citation formats, for your classes.

Did You Know?

Most of the major style guides can be found at Pace University's Campus Libraries. Call numbers and titles can be found here. Ask at the circulation or reference desk if you're having trouble finding them. Note: access may be limited during fall 2020 semester.

Why Do I Need to Cite Sources?

  • Your professors want to make sure you're using reputable, credible sources.
  • If people want to examine the data you use, they need to know where to find it.
  • If people want to trace the origins of your argument, they need to know where your ideas come from.
  • Authors whose work you use appreciate being given credit.
  • If you don't cite your sources, you could be accused of plagiarism.


Why is Citing Sources so COMPLICATED?

It really isn't that complicated. Yes, it's true that there are many different citation styles. However, the point of all of them is to identify a source in a way that will allow readers to find that source. That is the most important thing for you to keep in mind when you cite: Make sure your citation gives the reader the information he or she needs to find the source you used.

Excelsior Online Writing Lab

The Excelsior Online Writing Lab offers excellent instruction regarding various style guides. In the past, Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL) Guide was very popular and useful. However, due to changes to the structure and content of OWL that resulted from partnership with a for-profit company, I have decided to stop recommending Purdue Owl.

APA Style

MLA Style

Chicago Style


Get Help

If you are not finding what you need, please contact a librarian. Plase also feel free to talk to any of the librarians on staff, we are here to help.

Stop by the reference desk in person, or call, send e-mail or chat with a librarian online.