Skip to Main Content

Academic Integrity and Avoiding Plagiarism

Learn more about the Academic Integrity Code, avoiding plagiarism, and scholarly communication.

Types of Plagiarism

Image with a list of ten different types of plagiarism. Number one, clone: submitting another's work word for word, as one's own. Number two; CTRL-C: contains significant portions of text from a single source without alterations. Number three: Find - Replace, changing key words and phrases but retaining the essential content of the source. Number four: remix, paraphrases from multiple sources, made it fit together. Number five: recycle, borrows generously from the writer's previous work without citation. Number six; hybrid. Combines perfectly cited sources with copied passages without citation. Number seven; mashup. Mixes copied material from multiple sources. Number eight; 404 error. Includes citations to non-existent or inaccruate information about sources. Number nine; aggregator: includes proper citation to sources but the paper contains almost no original work. Number ten; re-tweet. Includes proper citation, but relies too closely on the texts' original wording and/or structure.


Image retrieved from

Citing Your Work

Citation Guides and Resources

Citing Multimedia Sources

Citing sources doesn't just mean citing articles and books in your research paper. You also need to cite images and other multimedia that you might include in your own work.

For more information on citing multimedia resources see:

Can I Use That Picture?

Newbold, Curtis. Can I Use that Picture?. 2014. The Visual Communication Guy. Web. Accessed August 20, 2018

Creative Commons licenses give permission to share and use a piece of work. To find out how you can use an image with a Creative Commons license review the license type listed.

Depending upon when a work was created, it might be in the Public Domain.

Copyright Term and the Public Domain, a guide to copyright duration created by Peter Hirtle at Cornell University, is a comprehensive and useful resource for researching a work's copyright status. You can also use the Copyright Slider from the American Library Association for quick reference.

As a general rule, works registered or published in the U.S. before 1923 are in the public domain.